Gonococcal conjunctivitis

What is gonococcal conjunctivitis?

Gonococcal conjunctivitis is a very aggressive infection of the eye which can very quickly lead to blindness. The bacteria that causes it is very dangerous and can also cause serious systemic effects such as pneumonia and septicaemia.

Photo credit: Howard M. Leibowitz

 

How is it transmitted?

It can be transmitted through sexual intercourse with an infected person, from an infected mother to her child during child birth, through sharing of personal infected items contaminated by the infected person, and through infected body fluids like urine or discharge from the eye of an infected person.

How can it be managed?

Apart from treatment of the eye infection by the ophthalmologist, a person who has gonococcal conjunctivitis, as well as their sexual partners, should be evaluated and treated by an infectious disease expert to avoid developing systemic complications.